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How does business impact urbanization? This is a common question that many people ask nowadays. By 2050, urban regions are expected to house 68 percent of the world’s population. Many rural residents are drawn to urbanization because of the numerous chances to improve their quality of life. However, many aspects of urbanization, such as businesses, can become problematic for a city and its residents if they are not well planned for. As a result, we’ve emphasized some of the ways that business influences urbanization and the path forward in the sections below.
What is Urbanization?
As the world’s population grows, many individuals are migrating from rural to urban locations. This global phenomenon is known as urbanization. And it entails expanding the population of rural areas (those with fewer than 2500 individuals) and transforming them into cities (a central city, and surrounding areas, with a population exceeding 50,000 people). More than half of the population currently lives in cities, and many causes have contributed to this transition.
Causes of Urbanization
People migrate from rural to urban areas because of economic, political, and social difficulties and modernizing conditions. The following are some of the factors that contribute to urbanization:
Agriculture is a common source of employment in rural areas. Due to urbanization and business growth, businesses and employment that pay more are more diverse and less physically demanding.
Another factor of urbanization is the growth of industry and manufacturing firms inside a given urban region, which results in increased opportunities for the population.
Better educational facilities, better access to healthcare, modern housing, and more leisure activities are all available in many urban locations. This is a major factor worth considering.
Many people may opt to relocate from a rural location because it is not as economically stable or prosperous as a thriving urban city.
War, civil unrest, and other political unrest are common problems in developing countries. This turbulence — and probable danger — might make anyone want to get out of there.
New technology is improving urban infrastructure. People from rural areas may be attracted by improved communication, medical facilities, and other social advantages.
Many of the elements that drive urbanization interact and give rise to one another, making it a complicated process. When a rural city becomes urbanized, it may benefit from various advantages, the majority of which entices many more people. Diverse types of businesses are at the top of this list. To that purpose, here’s a quick rundown of how this normally affects urbanization. Come along!
How Does Business Impact Urbanization
Businesses can positively impact urbanization in various ways, especially for people moving from rural regions, to improve the overall quality of life. When cities and towns grow into busy locations, they form a cultured civilization that may help people thrive financially and educationally. Business can have a good impact on urbanization in a variety of ways, including:
Jobs are created because of businesses. Typically transitioning from an agrarian economy, business and urbanization pave the way for modern industries, necessitating hiring more people to perform various professions. Farming and mining are two examples of labor-intensive rural jobs. While urban employment options, such as healthcare, business, and education, will require many individuals with various talents to fill numerous jobs. Rural employment opportunities usually require fewer people with a diversity of skills too.
A better city and business infrastructure are made possible by modern technologies. Cities may adapt to cultural needs and provide support structures for future development through business and urbanization. Furthermore, modernization can lead to a more sustainable city plan with better housing/businesses, market hubs, and public transportation networks. For example, mobile technology can support huge enterprises in advanced vehicle mobility hubs in advanced cities, dramatically cutting traffic congestion.
The Internet and IoT technology’s very presence can expand communication to practically any corner of the planet. It has the power to run utilities and lights for an entire city efficiently. These are just a few examples of how technology and business may help people live better lives by providing effective solutions to various problems.
When business and urbanization come together, a city and its residents get a lot of access. Internet access, improved healthcare, education, recreational activities, social services, and other factors contribute to livability. Furthermore, modern cities can plan their cities for sustainability and economic growth properly.
How does Business Impact Urbanization Negatively?
Urbanization through business is a fantastic concept in theory. However, as a result of a fast-rising population, urbanized cities are experiencing serious issues. As it stands now, urbanization based on the concept of businesses has several significant downsides. This includes the following:
Many urbanized communities are experiencing overcrowding due to so many people moving from rural areas for business. Congestion is a big issue in major cities such as New York and Hong Kong. Overcrowding contributes to high traffic, resource depletion, pollution, and unemployment, among other difficulties. The share of the urban population has already increased by 40% over one century (1913–2013) and will increase by another 15% in the next 50 years (FAO, 2015).
Because of the introduction of diverse businesses, many urban cities have seen a population expansion that can be difficult to plan for. As a result, job openings may wind up sooner than projected, resulting in unemployment. Furthermore, with a high population density, housing issues can occur, resulting in bad housing conditions. Unemployment is just exacerbating these housing problems. Unemployment and substandard housing (or the inability to obtain sufficient housing) also increases crime in metropolitan areas.
Hazards to the environment
Because of the increasing growth of the business population, water and sanitation difficulties are developing. Due to environmental factors such as water shortage, pollution, and sanitation, the populace in urbanized cities suffers from a decreased quality of life.
Solutions to the Negative Impacts of Business on Urbanization
Collaboration between business and urbanization is a double-edged sword. Experts are figuring out how to harness the benefits of business and urbanization while reducing the negative aspects. This could be accomplished by reconsidering several factors, including:
The city administration will be responsible for preparing and planning for a rapidly expanding business population. They can achieve a more efficient city by planting trees, conserving energy and resources, and educating the population.
Newly urbanized business cities can learn from smart cities and their technologies to power their cities in response to urban business activity. Future-proof technology can help solve many of the city’s traffic problems by facilitating more efficient transportation ecology.
Furthermore, cities will have to investigate technology that provides parking options to limit the number of automobiles moving around on the roads to further reduce traffic congestion and pollution.
Cities can collaborate with clinics, businesses, and hotels (all of which have high traffic volumes) to provide a cost-effective solution to traffic and parking congestion. City planners must also evaluate whether to limit population growth or extend the city and prepare for and react to these changes financially.
Urbanized commercial communities must develop more work opportunities to accommodate their inhabitants to battle unemployment and violence. Working with new technologies, forming new and innovative enterprises within the city, and exploring new global markets will be critical for urbanized communities to support job growth and creation.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is urbanization in business?
Urbanization in business entails the movement of people from rural areas to towns and cities for business purposes.
What is a region’s urbanization rate?
This refers to the percentage of a population living in an urban area.
What is the percentage of urbanization?
Currently, the UN estimates that the percentage of urbanization is over 54%.
How does urbanization affect the people?
Urbanization can affect people positively by creating more job opportunities. If it is not controlled, it can have negative effects such as disease outbreaks and unemployment.
Why do businesses benefit from urbanization?
Businesses benefit from urbanization because it ensures the diversification of the economy.
What are the three effects of urbanization?
Three effects of urbanization are:
- Water Scarcity
What are the advantages and disadvantages of urbanization?
The advantages of urbanization are:
- Better Social Life
- Better Healthcare Services
- More Security and police availability
The disadvantages of urbanization are:
- Cost of Living Is Higher
- No Privacy
- Contamination. Forest destruction and territory change generate 5% of world pollutants from urbanization in the tropical (Seto et al., 2012). Furthermore, it is commonly acknowledged that metropolitan areas account for around 75% of worldwide Smoke opacity (Seto et al., 2014). Residential areas in the conterminous United States contained around 10% of the elemental composition deposited in US environments (Churkina et al., 2010a). This proportion was far lower in China, at just 0.74 percent, and this does not entail C waste disposal (Zhao et al., 2013).
In conclusion, business impacts urbanization in numerous ways. Suppose a city accepts business urbanization and its rapid population growth, they will need to understand how it works and solve the negative effects quickly. Thus, the highlight of some ways through which business impacts urbanization above will aid you immensely.
I am Lavinia by name, and a financial expert with a degree in finance from the University of Chicago. In my blog, I help people to educate by making wise choices regarding personal investment, basic banking, credit and debit card, business education, real estate, insurance, expenditures, etc.